Students: Rabia KILIÇ, Gülay AKDAĞ, İpek ARIKIL
Advisor Information: Prof. Dr. Bülent ÖZİPEK
Supporting Organization / Project Information: -
Project number: -
For the continuation of the given course of action, production and consumption have been unavoidable throughout history. People have been consuming to satisfy their own needs rather than their necessities underneath the new world order that formed with the industrial revolution, nourished by constant consumption and evolved in this way. For the ever-changing market and its rapid expansion, this incentive, dubbed "psychological hunger," has motivated individuals to spend both materially and spiritually. With this circumstance, environmental and industrial working environment issues began to emerge, along with population growth, rising living standards, industrialization, and technological contributions to production. Resources are fast depleting, nature is being destroyed, and human health is suffering as a result of the current world system. As a result, numerous economic, ecological, and societal issues arise. Aside from that, the use of unlimited water and chemicals in manufacturing, the consumption of raw materials as if they were limitless, and the disposal of garbage in nature all damage the environment and have significant consequences.
In the face of this crisis, a greater understanding has emerged: sustainability. It seeks to get the most efficient result with the least amount of resources. Sustainability is defined as "the ability to be permanent" and is based on permanency. With its human-centered approach, it covers all steps planned and taken in the production process, from the utilization of natural resources to waste management and, of course, industrial relations.
The techniques through which textile sustainability can be monitored encompass the time from the product's raw material production stage to its transit into a retail outlet. In this study, the logistics carbon footprint is calculated in addition to the carbon footprint of the various stages of textile production.
In this study, the production and transportation stages of two different products from TYH Tekstil and Küçükçalık Tekstil companies were examined. The amount of carbon emissions generated at each step was calculated.
The stages of two sweatshirts from TYH Tekstil in different colors but with the same characteristics were examined, and as a result, it was observed that there was no difference in the garment process of two products with the same characteristics. In the dyeing phase, it was observed that only the density of the dye amounts changed.
There are only 2 different dyeing-finishing methods used for blackout curtains in all processes at Küçükçalık Tekstil. Because the processes are different in the dyehouse, the CO2 footprint is also different. In contrast to fabric dyeing, jet washing, drying, wrapping, printing, drying, and turbang processes are carried out on printed fabrics. All of these processes are high-power natural gas processes. In the processes of dyed fabrics, there is only dyeing, drying, and fixation, and there is much less carbon footprint compared to the baking technique.
Figure 1: TINTE product view (70% CO/30% PET 3 PLY-FLEECE TINTE)
Figure 2: Smaragd product view (70% CO/30% PET 3 PLY-FLEECE SMARAGD)